NEWS FROM THE DESK OF LEGAL WIN
1) Registered Trade Union Can File Insolvency Petition As Operational Creditor On Behalf Of Its Members: SC
CIVIL APPEAL NO.20978 of 2017, JK JUTE MILL MAZDOOR MORCHA VERSUS JUGGILAL KAMLAPAT JUTE MILLS COMPANY LTD. THROUGH ITS DIRECTOR
A trade union is an entity established under a statute – namely, the Trade Unions Act, and would thus fall within the definition of "person" under Sections 3(23) of the Code. An "operational debt", meaning a claim in respect of employment, could certainly be made by a person duly authorised to make such claim on behalf of a workman, the court said.
It further observed: "Further, a registered trade union recognised by Section 8 of the Trade Unions Act, makes it clear that it can sue and be sued as a body corporate under Section 13 of that Act. Equally, the general fund of the trade union, which inter alia is from collections from workmen who are its members, can certainly be spent on the conduct of disputes involving a member or members thereof or for 8 the prosecution of a legal proceeding to which the trade union is a party, and which is undertaken for the purpose of protecting the rights arising out of the relation of its members with their employer, which would include wages and other sums due from the employer to workmen."
2) Sec.34 Arbitration Act- Unilateral Addition To Contract By Arbitral Tribunal Violates Most Basic Notions Of Justice
CIVIL APPEAL NO. 4779 OF 2019 (Arising out of Special Leave Petition (Civil) No.19033 of 2017)
Ssangyong Engineering & Construction Co. Ltd. Versus National Highways Authority of India (NHAI)
When it comes to the 'public policy of India' argument based upon 'most basic notions of justice', it is clear that this ground can be attracted only in very exceptional circumstances when the conscience of the Court is shocked by infraction of fundamental notions or principles of justice" Holding that "a unilateral addition or alteration of a contract can never be foisted upon an unwilling party", the Supreme Court has set aside an arbitral award on the grounds of it being in conflict with "most basic notions of justice" and thereby conflicting with "public policy of India" as per Section 34(2)(b)(ii)(iii) of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act 1996.
In addition to that, the Court held that the award was also liable to be set aside under Section 34(2)(a)(iii) on the finding that the party was rendered "unable to present his case".
12 May 2019
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